E-2 Visa Countries
In addition to meeting the above requirements, you must also be a citizen of a country that maintains a treaty of commerce and navigation with the United States. Additionally, at least 50% of the business must be owned by citizens of the treaty country (if applicable). Visit the full list of participating countries here.
How to Apply
To apply for the E-2 visa, you will need to complete and submit Form DS-160. You will also need to attend an interview at the appropriate U.S. Embassy or Consulate. If you are already in the U.S. under a different type of nonimmigrant status, you may apply to change your status to E-2 classification with Form I-129.
E-2 Visa to Green Card
If you successfully obtain an E-2 visa, your initial period of stay will be no more than two years. However, you can extend this status in 2-year increments as many times as you wish (so long as you continue to qualify).
You might also be able to use your visa to obtain lawful permanent residence (i.e. a green card). While most nonimmigrant visas prohibit recipients from possessing immigrant intent, the E-2 is one of the few dual intent nonimmigrant visas. In other words, an E-2 visa holder may apply to adjust their status to permanent residence so long as they intend to leave the U.S. if this attempt is unsuccessful and their authorized stay ends.
Unfortunately, there is no direct path to permanent residence from the E-2. You will need to apply through another category (e.g. EB-5 visa, an employment-based immigration category, family sponsorship, etc.).